Rosh Hashanah is the birthday of the universe, a celebration of G-D's creation of the world, and it’s celebrated as the head of the Jewish year. We celebrate it on the first two days of the Jewish new year. On this day we accept G-D as our king and ask him to bless us with a sweet new year. It is celebrated with prayer, hearing the blowing of the shofar, and eating traditional foods that represent our request for a good year.
Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year, when we are closest to G‑d and to the essence of our souls. Yom Kippur means “Day of Atonement,”
We celebrate it on the 10th day of the Jewish New Year. Its a day when G-D judges us and our fate for the upcoming year. Yom Kippur is a day we spend with prayer and fasting.
Sukkot is a weeklong Jewish holiday that comes five days after Yom Kippur. Sukkot celebrates the gathering of the harvest and commemorates the miraculous protection G‑d provided for the children of Israel when they left Egypt. We celebrate Sukkot by eating and celebrating in a hut (known as asukkah) and by shaking the“Four Kinds”(arba minim), four special species of plants.
Simchat torah is a Jewish holiday that celebrates and marks the conclusion of the annual cycle of publicTorah readings, and the beginning of a new cycle. We celebrate by dancing and singing with the torah and giving all males (including the kids) an aliyah.
Chanukah is the Jewish eight-day, wintertime “festival of lights,” celebrated with a nightly menorah lighting, and special prayers. We celebrate to remember the miracles that God did for us in a battle against the massive greek army. We also celebrate and show pride in our judaism, to remember how despite the oppression we faced throughout the years, our Judaism still stands strong.
Purim is a Jewish festival held in spring to commemorate the defeat of Haman's plot to massacre the Jews as recorded in the book of Esther. We celebrate by listening to the book of Esther, shake noisemakers at haman's name, dress up in costumes to remember how queen Esther had to hide her identity, and we eat triangle shaped cookies called hamentshen.
Passover, also called Pesach, is a Jewish holiday when we celebrate Passover as a commemoration of our liberation by God from slavery in ancient Egypt and our freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses. We celebrate for 8 days by abstaining from wheat, eating matzah, and having a seder (ritual meal) where we tell the story of our people and involve our kids, to pass our traditions to future generations on the first 2 nights.
Lag Baomer is a festive day on the Jewish calendar. It is celebrated with outings (on which children traditionally play with bows and arrows), bonfires, parades and other joyous events. Many visit the resting place of the great sage and mystic Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, the anniversary of whose passing is on this day.
Shavuot is the anual celbration of our reciving of the torah. The Torah was given by G‑d to the Jewish people on Mount Sinai on Shavuot more than 3,300 years ago. Every year on the holiday of Shavuot we renew our acceptance of G‑d’s gift, and G‑d “re-gives” the Torah. On this day G‑d swore eternal devotion to us, and we in turn pledged everlasting loyalty to Him. We celbrate by coming to synagouge to hear the 10 commandments, and it is costomary for people to stay up all night learning deep topics of the torah.